Migodi 10 Yapamwamba Kwambiri Padziko Lonse (6-10)

10.Escondida, Chile

Mwini wa mgodi wa ESCONDIDA ku Atacama Desert kumpoto kwa Chile wagawidwa pakati pa BHP Billiton (57.5%) , Rio Tinto (30%) ndi mabizinesi ogwirizana motsogozedwa ndi Mitsubishi (12.5% ​​ataphatikiza).Mgodiyo unkapanga 5 peresenti ya kupanga mkuwa wapadziko lonse mu 2016. Kupanga kwayamba kuchepa m'zaka zaposachedwapa, ndipo BHP Billiton adanena mu lipoti lake la 2019 la phindu la mgodi kuti kupanga mkuwa ku Escondida kunatsika ndi 6 peresenti kuyambira chaka chapitacho mpaka 1.135. matani miliyoni, kutsika koyembekezeredwa, ndichifukwa chakuti kampaniyo imaneneratu kutsika kwa 12 peresenti ya kalasi yamkuwa.Mu 2018, BHP idatsegula chomera chochotsa mchere cha ESCONDIDA kuti chigwiritsidwe ntchito m'migodi, ndiye chachikulu kwambiri pakuchotsa mchere.Chomeracho chakhala chikukulitsa ntchito zake pang'onopang'ono, ndipo madzi opangidwa ndi desalated amawerengera 40 peresenti ya madzi a chomeracho pofika kumapeto kwa chaka cha 2019. chikoka chachikulu pa chitukuko cha mgodi wonse.

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Mawu ofotokozera:

Mchere waukulu: Mkuwa

Wothandizira: BHP Billiton (BHP)

Kuyambira: 1990

Kupanga kwapachaka: 1,135 kilotons (2019)

09 Mir, Russia

Mgodi wa mphero wa ku Siberia unali mgodi waukulu kwambiri wa diamondi m’mayiko amene kale anali Soviet Union.Mgodi wotseguka ndi wakuya mamita 525 ndi 1.2 kilomita m'mimba mwake.Imaonedwa kuti ndi imodzi mwa maenje akuluakulu okumba padziko lapansi ndipo ndi mwala wapangodya wamakampani omwe kale anali a diamondi aku Soviet.Dzenje lotseguka lidagwira ntchito kuyambira 1957 mpaka 2001, lidatsekedwa mwalamulo mu 2004, lidatsegulidwanso mu 2009 ndikusuntha mobisa.Podzatseka mchaka cha 2001, mgodiwo akuti udatulutsa diamondi zokwana madola 17 biliyoni.Mgodi wa mphero waku Siberia, womwe tsopano ukugwiritsidwa ntchito ndi Alrosa, kampani yayikulu kwambiri ya diamondi ku Russia, imapanga ma 2,000 kg a diamondi pachaka, 95 peresenti ya kupanga diamondi mdziko muno, ndipo akuyembekezeka kupitiliza kugwira ntchito mpaka 2059.

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Mawu ofotokozera:

Mchere waukulu: diamondi

Wothandizira: Alrosa

Kuyambira: 1957

Kupanga pachaka: 2,000 kg

08. Boddington, Australia

Mgodi wa BODDINGTON ndi mgodi wawukulu kwambiri wa golide ku Australia, kupitilira mgodi wodziwika bwino kwambiri (Feston open-pit) pomwe udayambiranso kupanga mu 2009. Madipoziti agolide ku Boddington ndi lamba wa Maanfeng greenstone ku Western Australia ndiwofanana ndi ma depositi agolide amtundu wa greenstone.Pambuyo pa mgwirizano wanjira zitatu pakati pa Newmont, Anglogoldashanti ndi Newcrest, Newmont adapeza gawo ku AngloGold mu 2009, kukhala mwini wake yekha komanso woyendetsa kampaniyo.Mugodiwu umatulutsanso copper sulfate, ndipo mu March 2011, patangopita zaka ziwiri, unatulutsa matani 28.35 a golidi oyambirira.Newmont idakhazikitsa projekiti ya nkhalango ya carbon offset ku Burdington mu 2009 ndikubzala mbande zokwana 800,000 zamahatchi ku New South Wales ndi Western Australia.Kampaniyo ikuyerekeza kuti mitengoyi itenga pafupifupi matani 300,000 a kaboni pazaka 30 mpaka 50, ndikuwongolera mchere wam'nthaka komanso zamoyo zakumaloko, ndikuthandizira ku Australia's Clean Energy Act ndi Carbon Agriculture Initiative, pulani ya polojekitiyi yathandiza kwambiri pantchito yomanga. ya migodi yobiriwira.

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Mawu ofotokozera:

Mchere waukulu: Golide

Wothandizira: Newmont

Kuyambira: 1987

Kupanga pachaka: matani 21.8

07. Kiruna, Sweden

Mgodi wa KIRUNA ku Lapland, Sweden, ndi mgodi waukulu kwambiri wachitsulo padziko lonse lapansi ndipo uli pamalo abwino kuti muwone Aurora Borealis.Mgodiwu udayamba kukumbidwa mu 1898 ndipo tsopano ukugwiritsidwa ntchito ndi boma la luosvara-kiirunaara Aktiebolag (LKAB), kampani yamigodi yaku Sweden.Kukula kwa mgodi wachitsulo wa Kiruna kunapangitsa kuti mzinda wa Kiruna usankhe mu 2004 kuti usamutse pakati pa mzindawu chifukwa choopsa chomwe chingapangitse kuti nthaka imire.Kusamutsaku kunayamba mu 2014 ndipo pakati pa mzindawu adzamangidwanso mu 2022. Mu May 2020, chivomezi champhamvu 4.9 chinachitika mumtsinje wa mgodi chifukwa cha ntchito zamigodi.Malinga ndi muyeso wa mgodi wa seismic monitoring system, epicenter kuya kwa pafupifupi 1.1 km.

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Mawu ofotokozera:

Mchere waukulu: chitsulo

Wothandizira: LKAB

Kuyambira: 1989

Kupanga kwapachaka: matani 26.9 miliyoni (2018)

06. Red Dog, US

Wopezeka kudera la Arctic ku Alaska, mgodi wa Red Dog ndiye mgodi waukulu kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi wa zinki.Mgodi umayendetsedwa ndi Teck Resources, yomwe imapanganso lead ndi siliva.Mgodiwu, womwe umatulutsa pafupifupi 10% ya zinc padziko lonse lapansi, ukuyembekezeka kugwira ntchito mpaka chaka cha 2031. Mgodiwu wadzudzulidwa chifukwa chakuwonongeka kwa chilengedwe, pomwe lipoti la United States Environmental Protection Agency lati umatulutsa zinthu zapoizoni zambiri kuposa chilengedwe. malo ku United States.Ngakhale malamulo a Alaska amalola kuti madzi otayidwa atayidwe mumitsinje, Tektronix adayang'anizana ndi milandu mu 2016 chifukwa cha kuipitsa kwa mtsinje wa Urik.Komabe, United States Environmental Protection Agency inalola Alaska kuchotsa mtsinje wa Red Dog Creek ndi ICARUS womwe uli pafupi ndi mndandanda wa madzi oipitsidwa kwambiri.

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Mawu ofotokozera:

Mchere waukulu: Zinc

Wothandizira: Teck Resources

Kuyambira: 1989

Kupanga pachaka: matani 515,200


Nthawi yotumiza: Feb-22-2022